FES Youth in East Europe (YEE) studies

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), with its offices in Zagreb, Belgrade, Skopje, Bucharest, Sofia, Sarajevo, Pristina and Tirana has initiated, implemented and financed FES youth studies in East Europe (YEE). Studies from nine countries (Albania (2011), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2014), Bulgaria (2014), Croatia (2012), Kosovo (2012), Macedonia (2013), Romania (2014), Slovenia (2013) and and Serbia (2015) are a part of a cross-national research project carried out by FES and collaborating researchers. In 2016, several new studies have been carried out, including in Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Cross-national youth surveys from these countries are recent and investigate key common issues, providing insight into the lives, attitudes and practices of youth from sixteen East-Central European, Western Asian and Central Asian countries. Additionally, the quantitative datasets provide numerous possibilities to researchers from these countries and around the world to carry out their own analyses on the topics of their choice. The basis for a methodological approach were youth studies carried out in Germany by prof. Hurrelmann and his colleagues in 2002, 2006, 2010. Prof. Hurrelmann also served as a chief methodological consultant to researchers and study authors in these studies.

YEE surveys have a common substantive core with the following themes and sections included in the questionnaires:

  • LEISURE AND LIFESTYLE (section A);
  • RELIGION AND SOCIAL AFFILIATIONS (section B);
  • FAMILY AND FRIENDS (section C);
  • CONCERNS AND ASPIRATIONS (section D);
  • EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT (section E);
  • DEMOCRACY AND POLITICS (section F);
  • GOVERNANCE AND DEVELOPMENT (section G);
  • NATIONAL AND WORLD POLITICS (section H);
  • DEMOGRAPHIC MODULE.

These common core themes and questions/items with majority of identical items enable cross-national and in-depth analyses of youth in East Europe. This is especially important since there are no such research endeavours and representative youth data available for this region. Finally, some of the national youth surveys also included additional items, which are not covered in other countries (see Table 1, questionnaires and SPSS datasets). Table 2 includes information on comparative (i.e. cross-national) publications employing FES youth datasets.

Table 1: FES Youth in East Europe (YEE) studies: Datasets, questionnaires, and youth reports (click on a country for available data).

Country
and survey
year

AL
Albania
2011

AM
Armenia
2016

BO
Bosnia
2014

BG
Bulgaria
2014

HR
Croatia
2012

GE
Georgia
2016

KZ
Kazakhstan
2016

XK
Kosovo
2012

KG
Kyrgyzstan
2016

MK
Macedonia
2013

RO
Romania
2014

RS
Serbia
2015

TJ
Tajikistan
2016

SI
Slovenia
2013

UZ
Uzbekistan
2016

 

Note (for all youth studies): In some studies English translation of national youth questionnaire and SPSS dataset in English are not identical in wording, yet they are identical in meaning (substantive-wise). Please let us know in case you detect any inconsistencies between questionnaires and SPSS datasets or if any other questions arise. We also advise you to check and compare frequencies and answers between national youth reports and SPSS datasets (their matching) before carrying out further statistical analyses.

Note for Kosovo: For analysis of a representative sample of Kosovo youth (N = 1000), please use variable »Boost Main or boost sample«, where only value 1 should be selected (K-Albanians; N = 1000 Main sample Kosovo Youth). When, on the other hand, the goal is comparing respondents by nationality/ethnicity, two sub-groups of size 900 respondents for young Kosovo Albanians and 130 respondents for young Kosovo Serbs should be compared, employing variable “Nationality”, with both values 1 and 2 selected in variable »Boost Main or boost sample« (in other words, no “select cases” for »Boost Main or boost sample« should be employed).

Table 2: Comparative analyses and other publications employing FES Youth in East Europe (YEE) datasets.

Youth study authors, Publication title and citation Publication type Publication link and language
Hurrelmann, K., and Weichert, M. (Eds.) (2015). Lost in democratic transition?: Political challenges and perspectives for young people in South East Europe; results of representative surveys in eight countries / Authors: Flere, S., Hurrelmann, K., Klanjšek, R., Lavrič, M., Reimbold, H., and Taleski, D. Sarajevo: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. Research report ENG
Taleski, D., and Hoppe, B. (2015). Youth in South East Europe:

Lost in Transition – Policy paper. Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Department for Central and Eastern Europe.

Policy paper ENG; GER